Chord Construction |
3 or more notes played at the same time.
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along with tripfuse
Em, G and C chords click
Chords are built from scales so we will start by building a major scale. For now
we will use the C major scale.
Scales if needed.
Diatonic Chords - chords belonging to one
Stack the notes (line, line, line, space,
space, space, etc) from each scale degree (note) from the C major scale and we
end up with the 7 diatonic triads (chords) belonging to the key of C major.
We end up with a series of major and
minor chords with the seventh one called diminished. These are the chords belonging
to the key of C.
major scales are built the same way: WWHWWWH
the I IV and V
are the major chords in every major key.
ii, iii and vi are the minor chords
in every major key. vii
is called diminished in every major key.
Stack the notes
line line line from C and we end up with the 1st (C),
3rd (E) and 5th (G) degrees of the C major scale. If we
translate this to the fretboard we have this:
is not easy to strum just 3 strings so by adding another 1st and 3rd degree (both
an octave higher) we can now strum strings 5 - 1. Much easier.|
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|The low E
is not usually played because it tends to sound muddy. Block the string by gently
touching with your 3rd finger or bring your thumb up over and touch lightly enough
to stop the string from ringing.|
Build a chord
from the 6th degree of the C major scale you will find
the notes A , C and E. Because the distance between A
and C is a minor 3rd (3 half steps) the chord will be
called A minor. The difference between major and minor
chords will be explained a little further down the page.
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we may want to strum more than just 3 strings. We can add our low A string and
another E (second fret of your D string).|
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- chord to chord. The order in which chords are
played in a tune.
Let's work on changing between the C chord and the
A minor. Only your 3rd finger will move. Your 1st and 2nd finger will stay in
the same place for both chords.
strum pattern below will have us play down strokes for 3 quarter notes on a C
chord and then you will have one quarter note rest to make your switch to the
Am chord. Remember to only move your 3rd finger.
Below we will look at two
different ways to learn the difference between major and minor triads.
interval is the distance between two notes.
vs Minor (Part 1)
is major or minor depending on the distance between the first (root)
and the third degree.In all of the chords above, the root is the bottom note and
the third is the middle note. The top note is the fifth but has nothing to do
with a chord being major or minor.
first chord built in the key of C is a C major chord and contains the notes C,
E and G. The distance between the C and E would be two whole steps. The distance
between these two notes is called a major third, making the chord major. ||C
chord built from the second degree is D minor and contains the notes D, F and
A. This chord is minor because of the distance between the root (D) and the third
(F). In this case the distance is one and a half steps or 3 half steps. This interval
is called a minor third and therefore makes the chord minor.||D
vs Minor (Part 2)
way to think of major vs minor: The 1st, 3rd and 5th degree taken from a major
scale equals a major chord (1 3 5) . Lower the 3rd degree one half step
and you have a minor chord (1 b3 5) .
space space from the fourth degree (F) of the C major scale and we have the IV
chord (F). |
The distance between the root (F) and the third (A) is a
major third (2 whole steps or 4 half steps).
This major 3rd makes the
M3 = 4 half steps
make it minor we must lower the third one half step. |
By lowering the
A to Ab we now have 3 half steps between the root (F) and 3rd (Ab)
-3rd makes the chord minor.
= 3 half stepsps
that the F minor triad could not belong to the key of C because the C scale didn't
contain any sharps (#) or flats (b). |
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Try another related free lesson -
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